Carpathian Mountains info

Carpathians
The name Carpathian Mountains is of pre-Roman origin. His background is controversial. The proposals include the Indo-European *car-‘ praise’ or Albanian carpe’ rock’ from Indo-European * (s)ker-‘ cut’ (cf. German’ notch’ and’ kar’). The form of the Carpathian Mountains is described in Greek (ó Karpátes oros[so at Ptolemy, 2nd century A. D.), tó Karpafon oros), Roman (Carpates montes, Carpatae) and Medieval Latin texts (Carpati montes, Alpes Bastarnicae[Tabula Peutingeriana]) and gave its name to the Carpathians in the 2nd century A. D. east of the Eastern Carpathians (or vice versa).

Since the name is of pre-Roman origin, older views, according to which the name could derive from the Slavic word chrb’ mountain ridge’, are hardly tenable.

In Roman times, the Carpathians were also known as Montes Sarmatici after the Sarmatians. In official documents of the Kingdom of Hungary from the 13th and 14th centuries, the Carpathians were called Thorchal, Tarczal or Montes Nivium.

The Southern Carpathians (also: Transylvanian Alps, Transylvanian Alps): You follow from the Predealpass to the west. They are located in Romania and to a lesser extent in Serbia. The Moldoveanu is 2544 metres above sea level. The most important mountains are the Fogarascher Gebirge and the Retezatgebirge, which is particularly rich in mountain lakes. The Banater Mountains are the last mountain range in the west. Romania describes the Banat Mountains and the Apuseni Mountains as West Carpathians (Carpa? ii Occidentali).

Flora and fauna
The lower parts of the Carpathian Mountains are wooded. The tree line varies between 1150 m and 1900 m. The vegetation and wildlife are partly similar to that of the Alps.

The Romanian Carpathian Mountains cover the largest closed forest area in Europe. More than one third of all large predators still living in Europe – brown bears, wolves and lynxes – live here.

In the upper reaches of the Arge? and in its tributaries, the extremely rare grouper perch is (or was) endemic.

In the western and eastern part of the Carpathians, during the last cold period, permafrost soil did not develop in some cases, so that at an altitude of 300 and 600 m, respectively, a densely wooded refugial area was able to preserve many species of animals and plants native to Europe today.

The conservation of many subspecies, along with the other two large refugial areas on the Iberian Peninsula and Italy, played an important role in the resettlement of Europe at the beginning of the Holocene and its biodiversity.

Excerpt from Wikipedia